UFC Vegas 24: Whittaker vs Gastelum – 4.17.2021 – Staff Predictions, Picks, and DFS Analysis (FREE)

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Hello Daily Play Action! Welcome to our collaborative coverage of UFC Vegas 24: Whittaker vs Gastelum. Thanks to all the readers that have been with us over the past year as we now arrive at our final event before the return of sold out venues! Our analysis includes a pick for every bout from Anthony Marro, Nicholas Marro and GB. We also feature write-ups that will provide consideration for building lineups on both FanDuel and DraftKings.

When building your lineups here are a few things to consider. Pricing differs for most fighters making some better value on one site over the other. Scoring is important as well. On FanDuel a first-round finish scores 5x the points as a decision, where on DraftKings it scores 3x as many. Grappling is also scored drastically different as FanDuel awards points for takedown defense and submission attempts. DraftKings neglects those two stats and instead values control time and reversals. This new year, DraftKings has also added a quick win bonus for victories in the first minute as well as scoring for non-significant strikes. Lastly, you will only want to take two fighters from the same fight if you think it goes into the late rounds and expect both to reach value. Optimal GPP builds very rarely stack the same fight but it can be a viable strategy in cash games.

As coverage continues, we will keep our Daily Play Action records up to date. Be sure to check out our reasoning though as records will not reflect confidence, we will be picking all fights regardless of if we are betting on them. I highly recommend using Bovada for their user-friendly format and awesome deposit bonuses if you want to bet on any of these picks!

If you are looking for even more UFC content, be sure to also check out Daily Play Action on YouTube where we have begun streaming breakdowns of most cards.

Current Record

  • Anthony: 77-59-1 (Last Year 223-145-6)
  • Nick: 77-59-1 (Last Year 235-133-6)
  • GB: 71-65-1 (Last Year 216-152-6)

Fight odds are as listed from Bovada and last updated 10:30 AM EST 4-17-2021

Preliminary Card- Starts 7:00pm EST

Tony Gravely -350 (DK $9400, FD $23) vs Anthony Birchak +265 (DK $6800, FD $8)

  • Anthony: The card opens with what should be a very good fight at bantamweight between Tony Gravely and Anthony Birchak. This line is a bit out of control as Gravely is lined a massive favorite, but given his wrestling credentials that comes as no surprise. Thus far in his two UFC bouts he tallied twelve total takedowns, not to mention the three he secured in his fight on Dana White’s Contender Series. He applies constant pressure to opponents and has been met with little resistance chaining takedowns together at this lower weight class. Birchak poses a unique challenge to him as a former NCAA Division II wrestler but I do not think he possesses the skills to win this bout on the mat. We have seen Birchak controlled in wrestling exchanges before and his last bout against Gustavo Lopez what about as abysmal a performance as he has had. I expect Gravely’s time at American Top Team to pay off here as he continues to add tools to his arsenal. All signs point to him overwhelming Birchak here today. Tony Gravely by Decision
  • Nick: Gravely is a high-pressure grappler with a really strong wrestling base and heavy hips. He does a good job finding takedowns against a wide range of opponents, but he mostly grapples to control position rather than hunt for submissions. Birchak is a BJJ blackbelt and coaches at 10th Planet in Tuscon. He’s certainly no slouch on the mat, but once brought down he seems to have issues creating scrambles. On the feet Birchak may have a slight advantage but it isn’t significant enough to keep Gravely off him for long. As long as Gravely doesn’t rush into an untimely submission here, this feels like his fight to lose. As far as DFS is concerned, Gravely’s takedown heavy approach is ideal for both DraftKings and FanDuel scoring. It would not shock me if Birchak pulled off a hail mary submission here but the likelihood of that happening seems slim. Tony Gravely by Decision
  • GB: Tony Gravely by Decision

Austin Hubbard -190 (DK $8900, FD $18) vs Dakota Bush +155 (DK $7300, FD $13)

  • Anthony: Next on the card is a lightweight bout between Austin Hubbard and UFC newcomer Dakota ‘Hairy’ Bush. It is a very interesting fight and one that would likey look drastically different if Bush were stepping in with a full camp. He now enters on just a week’s notice after Nathan Levy withdrew due to injury. He is a very talented striker but also has slick offensive wrestling. Bush most recently has been training with the likes of Bryce Mitchell and I think a little jiu jitsu could go a very long way for him here. I like Austin Hubbard but he has some glaring issues that have been exposed thus far in his UFC tenure. He has primarily fought grapplers and always seems to run into issues in the first round. Exceptional cardio has allowed him to mount comebacks and claw his way out of deficits, but against a fighter the style of Bush I could see him getting caught early. Bush hopefully knows exactly what he is up against and exerts himself trying to get things done inside the first five minutes of this one. The first-round prediction does not indicate my confidence here. While Bush may be able to win a decision, I think it is going to be a challenge for him to keep up with Hubbard in rounds two and three. From what I have seen though, he has all the tools to win this fight by removing cardio from the equation. Dakota Bush by Round One Submission
  • Nick: Each of Hubbard’s last three losses came against some of the more talented grapplers in the division. They include Davi Ramos a seasoned BJJ practitioner, Mark O. Madsen a former Olympic wrestler, and in his last fight he ended up on the wrong end of a rear naked choke from Joe Solecki – a highly regarded prospect that beat Jim Miller impressively last week. Four of Bush’s eight professional wins have come via submission. He’s primarily a grappler and does a good job keeping pressure on his opponents and knowing when to shoot. He has a clear path to pull off the upset here if he can get this fight on the ground, but I expect that’s a tough ask against Hubbard whose takedown defense seems to improve every time we see him fight. I expected Hubbard to have a considerable striking advantage here, but I was impressed with what I saw from Bush on film. This is an extremely close matchup and certainly one I could see going either way. However, I’ll side with the more experienced and proven fighter in Hubbard on a full camp. Austin Hubbard by Decision
  • GB: Dakota Bush by Decision

Bartosz Fabinski -115 (DK $8300, FD $16) vs Gerald Meerschaert +105 (DK $7900, FD $13)

  • Anthony: This middleweight bout between Bartosz Fabinski and Gerald Meerschaert sure feels straightforward. At this point in his career, Meerschaert only has the submission left to rely on. He is an extremely talented grappler with 23 submission wins over the course of his professional career. We have seen him slow down significantly over the past few years and in his two most recent bouts he was starched in under 90 seconds combined. He will be fishing for submissions here against Fabinski who will very likely be trying to wrestle. His three UFC victories yielded 22 total takedowns, so I see him rinsing and repeating here against Meerschaert. Fabinski should have no problem returning to the stand up if caught in any threatening positions. Not to mention there is a small chance that Meerschaert’s chin is complete dust and he gets knocked out for the third straight time. I see it going to the judges’ scorecards though. As long as Fabinski fight’s smart this should be his fight to lose. Bartosz Fabinski by Decision
  • Nick: Fabinski is a lay and pray fighter. He can be boring to watch as he likes to ground his opponents and control position to win rounds. Meerschaert is well-rounded, but most of his professional wins have come by submission. He should have a slight advantage over Fabinski when this fight is on the feet, but I expect he’ll be content to grapple with Fabinski both early and often. Three of Fabinski’s four professional losses have come via submission. Meerschaert is definitely chinny, but Fabinski has never won a fight by KO so he should be safe from too much damage here. Fabinski will score the takedowns he wants, but I expect he runs into a Meerschaert submission at some point. I’ll have shares of both of these fighters for DFS purposes, but I’m siding with the underdog. Fabinski’s strengths often seem to turn into weaknesses against advanced BJJ practitioners. Gerald Meerschaert by Round Two Submission
  • GB: Gerald Meerschaert by Round Two Submission

Lupita Godinez -285 (DK $9200, FD $21) vs Jessica Penne +225 (DK $7000, FD $10)

  • Anthony: Next on the card is a women’s strawweight bout between Jessica Penne and Lupita Godinez. It has been four years since we last saw Penne in the octagon due to various issues from suspension, to injury, to testing positive for coronavirus. Having been removed for so long really makes me unsure about the fighter that we see step into the octagon tonight. At her best Penen was able to beat some decent fighters but she currently carriers a three-fight losing streak into this bout. Godinez steps in on short notice here to make her UFC debut and certainly seems to have all the tools necessary to win fights in this division. Her most recent win was a five-round war against Vanessa Demopoulos at the end of 2020 and I was very impressed watching her control things on the feet. Her striking is exceptional and with an ever-improving ground game I believe her to be a decent threat in this division. With all the unknowns surrounding Penne in this bout, I will side with Godinez here. All five of her professional fights have come more recently than Penne’s last. Lupita Godinez by Decision
  • Nick: The line feels a bit too wide here, but Penne hasn’t fought since 2017. She faced a high level of opponents back then, but in a game where activity is almost always a benefit – it’s difficult to expect much from her in this spot. Godinez is making her UFC debut here, coming off an impressive decision win over Vanessa Demopoulos for the LFA Strawweight Championship. Her cardio started to fade late in that one, but that was a five-round bout. I don’t expect her to run out of gas in this match-up with Penne. Godinez is a high-volume striker with advanced technical ability. I expect she’ll be more aggressive than Penne here and we see her awarded for her activity and pressure on the scorecards. The line is definitely too wide and I don’t expect to be heavily invested in this match-up. Still, I’m siding with the favorite. Lupita Godinez by Decision
  • GB: Lupita Godinez by Decision

Alexander Romanov -145 (DK $8800, FD $18) vs Juan Espino +120 (DK $7400, FD $12)

  • Anthony: Perhaps the fight I am most excited for today takes place here at heavyweight between Juan Espino and Alexander Romanov. These are two guys that have run through their UFC competition thus far and seeing them clash will likely produce fireworks. Both are most comfortable on the mat, finishing the majority of their fights by submission. For Romanov, it is an unorthodox and high-pressure style that melts opponents. He utilizes brute force to close distance and hurt opponents, stemming largely from his roots in sumo wrestling. Espino is the far more technical of these two and the key to victory will be preventing Romanov from securing the early takedown. Espino may be able to weather the storm and utilize superior cardio to take over in the latter half of this one, but Romanov’s finishing rate is flawless and I find it hard to bet against him. I figured the younger and stronger fighter will likely find success in this fight, but ultimately have decided to back the more polished fighter in Espino. At some point in this fight I see him getting on top of the Moldovan. He can hopefully dig underhooks and defend Romanov’s initial shots, but also has the ability to sweep him if he does end up on his butt. Both leave a lot to be desired when striking but I certainly think Espino has the better hands of the two. Juan Espino by Round Two Submission
  • Nick: It may have come against mediocre competition, but the 30-year-old Romanov has shown an uncanny ability to lift other heavyweights entirely off the ground and rag-doll them as if they were a whole lot smaller. He has decent striking, but highly effective ground-and-pound and a decent choke game when he hits the mat. Romanov is undefeated, but he’s definitely facing his toughest test to date here against Juan Espino. Espino is a decorated grappler and the most recent winner of The Ultimate Fighter. He’s 40-years old, but he still has some of the more advanced BJJ in the division. He’s decent on the feet, but he mostly only uses his strikes to set up takedowns. Eight of Espino’s ten wins have come by submission, but I’m having trouble expecting him to find anything against the undefeated Romanov. For a borderline out-of-shape heavyweight, Romanov has solid cardio. He usually looks fine late in fights which is more than can be said for a lot of guys in this division – particularly Espino. This is a very close match-up and I’ll have shares of both guys for DFS purposes. However, I expect Romanov’s strength and explosiveness to be enough to get the win here. If he falls behind early, he should be able to weaponize his cardio and get this done late. Alexander Romanov by Round Three KO
  • GB: Alexander Romanov by Round One KO

Tracy Cortez -325 (DK $9000, FD $20) vs Justine Kish +250 (DK $7200, FD $11)

  • Anthony: The final fight on the preliminary card takes place at women’s flyweight between Tracy Cortez and Justine Kish. On the feet, Kish certainly has a chance to keep things interesting here. However, Cortez should have little to no problems bringing this fight to the mat. She has exceptional wrestling and has been sharpening her skills on the mat even more as of late. After imposing her will on two solid UFC bantamweights, she drops back down to 125 pounds here where she really belongs. Kish has poor takedown defense but is also undersized here as a former strawweight herself. The women’s fights are always volatile, but this seems like a no-brainer. Cortez should win a convincing decision with ease. Tracy Cortez by Decision
  • Nick: Cortez comes into this bout on an eight-fight win streak. She has notable UFC victories over Stephanie Egger and Vanessa Melo. She is well-rounded, but her greatest strength is certainly her grappling. Cortez does not offer much in terms of submissions, but she does a good job scoring takedowns and controlling position on the mat. She has solid cardio and she averages more than three takedowns per fifteen minutes. Kish is a tough vet with a solid chin and cardio, but she boasts just a 55 percent takedown defense. Cortez should be able to hang on the feet with Kish and find takedowns as needed. As long as she doesn’t stand and trade with Kish, this feels like her fight to lose. Tracy Cortez by Decision
  • GB: Tracy Cortez by Decision

Main Card- Starts 10:00pm EST

Luis Pena -150 (DK $8700, FD $19) vs Alex Munoz +125 (DK $7500, FD $12)

  • Anthony: The main card opens with a lightweight bout between Luis Pena and Alex Munoz. It has been a strange run for Pena in the UFC thus far. He needs to win here after a tough loss and more than ten-month layoff. He is one of the biggest fighters in the weight class and should dwarf Munoz inside of the cage. I imagine that Munoz wants to wrestle Pena for the duration of this bout which could be problem given his previous issues defending takedowns. Pena’s large frame makes it very easy for wrestlers to drag him down to the mat. However, the move from AKA to American Top Team likely benefits him in a big way here. It seems like Pena is now getting more focused attention and honing his skills with fighters he can learn much more from. In this bout he has promised more violence and I imagine that is what we see. If the takedown defense really has improved for Pena I do not see Munoz having any success. Pena should have no problem striking from range and hitting Munoz with power as he shoots in. To me it is a rather clear pick, although there is obviously some fear that Pena reverts to his old ways inside of the octagon. I believe he clips Munoz at some point as the fight wears on. Luis Pena by Round Two KO
  • Nick: Leading up into his last fight, the UFC was clearly interested in boosting Pena’s stock. He’s a well-spoken, funny looking dude and “Violent Bob Ross” is one of the more marketable nicknames we’ve seen grace the octagon. He is long which allows him to climb on opponents’ backs and control position. He is also a creative striker, but he hasn’t really shown a ton of power yet at the UFC level. Pena let his back get taken in his last fight against Khama Worthy, and ultimately paid for it suffering a submission loss. While his frame definitely helps him strike at range, it also creates openings for opponents to take him down. Munoz is a decent grappler, but he doesn’t really do much once he gets guys to the mat. He has decent striking, but he mostly throws short combos and there isn’t really much power behind his punches. His clearest path to victory here is to ground Pena and control position for however long as he can. I expect Munoz to score a takedown or two early, but I don’t expect that to be enough to get it done here. Munoz was mostly picked apart at range in his last fight against Nasrat Haqparast, and Pena is a much longer and rangier striker. If Munoz can make this a boring fight he has a decent chance to score well and pull off the upset. However, I think Pena will get back in the win column here. He sounds extremely focused and optimistic in interviews leading up to this match-up. Luis Pena by Decision
  • GB: Alex Munoz by Decision

Abdul Razak Alhassan -310 (DK $9300, FD $22) vs Jacob Malkoun +240 (DK $6900, FD $9)

  • Anthony: Next is a fight at middleweight between Abdul Razak Alhassan and Jacob Malkoun. This booking really is perplexing. The knee jerk reaction is that Malkoun gets knocked out just as quickly as he was in his last bout. Phil Hawes finished him in under twenty seconds as we saw the then 4-0 Malkoun suffer his first professional loss. That pick was a no-brainer, but I didn’t know the Aussie‘s chin was that weak. Abdul Razak Alhassan certainly can knock him out again as his power is comparable to that of Hawes. However, Alhassan has been on a concerning losing skid of his own. A straight right put him out cold against Khaos Williams in the first thirty seconds of his last bout. Cardio and Fight IQ had always been the primary concern for him but now we have his chin to worry about too. Malkoun lacks that death touch though and in a striking exchange it is likely Alhassan knocking him down. The approach will likely be to get Malkoun out of there quickly to not only get on track but avoid fighting with an empty gas tank in rounds two and three. I expect him to be fighting in better physical shape though, no longer making the cut to welterweight. I am not confident putting any money on this one but the pick is Alhassan. All ten of his wins have come by first round knockout, making him a play to target on DraftKings and FanDuel. Abdul Razak Alhassan by Round One KO
  • Nick: In spite of dropping his last couple of fights, Abdul Razak Alhassan is a monster. He’s a physical specimen with massive power as displayed in each of his last three wins. His last KO victory came against Niko Price, a guy many consider to be one of the tougher and underrated strikers in this division. Malkoun is one of the smaller middleweights on the UFC roster. Many believe he’s only on this card because he’s a training partner of headliner Robert Whittaker. He was absolutely steamrolled in his UFC debut against Phil Hawes. Hawes rushed Malkoun in that one and overwhelmed him with a barrage of powerful strikes. He was KO’d only 18 seconds into the first round. There’s not much film on him at all as he’s only 4-1, but he appears to be well-rounded. His striking is a bit awkward but he has good head movement and seems efficient when throwing. We haven’t seen him lean on it much in the cage yet, but his offensive grappling is likely his greatest strength. Malkoun was the 2019 ADCC Asia trials winner and a 2019 Pan Pacific gold medalist in jiu jitsu. If Malkoun could somehow weather the early storm from Alhassan here, he could pull off a submission late. However, it feels much more likely that he ends up flatlined once again. Abdul Razak Alhassan by Round One KO
  • GB: Abdul Razak Alhassan by Round Two KO

Andrei Arlovski -120 (DK $8500, FD $16) vs Chase Sherman +100 (DK $7700, FD $14)

  • Anthony: Here we have a heavyweight bout between Andre Arlovski and Chase Sherman. It was quite a long road for Sherman to back into the UFC after pushing his losing streak to three in 2018. He has since fought in both Island Fights and Bare Knuckle FC before returning to the promotion in May of last year. In that bout he was able to pick apart and finish Ike Villanueva, but that win really does not tell us very much. Arlovski is still a tough test for a lot of guys even in the late stages of his career. He is active, intimidating and still putting together nice combinations and counters in the cage. The last fight for Arlovski against Tom Aspinall did not go his way but I believe his ceiling is as high as anyone at heavyweight. In the two fights prior he was able to defeat up and comers Tanner Boser and Phillipe Lins thanks to his technical counterstriking. I think we see more of the same from him today. Sherman is by no means a prospect, but this is a tough test and very likely would be the biggest win on his resume. While he may have the power to rock Arlovski, I cannot see winning a stand-up battle for fifteen minutes. Andrei Arlovski by Decision
  • Nick: Andrei Arlovski is a shell of who he was when he reigned as UFC Heavyweight Champion back in 2005. He’s lost a lot of speed and power over the years, but he still has solid head movement and generally does a good job circling away from his opponents. His chin has held up well for someone at his level of experience. He fights defensively, but if he gets caught it usually takes a lot more than a singular shot to put him down. Chase Sherman has had issues with USADA but looked solid in his last win, a knockout of Ike Villanueva. He came out aggressive in that one and overwhelmed Villanueva with pressure and pace. Arlovski is going to be the more technical and defensively sound striker here. He’s unlikely to match Sherman on volume, but he’ll have the better gas tank. It wouldn’t shock me if Sherman pulled off the upset as he’s definitely going to have the power advantage in this matchup. However, I’m siding with the more technically sound striking style of Arlovski. It worries me that he takes this on short notice, but as long as he can avoid the big shots from Sherman he should be able to pepper him at range and pull away on the scorecards. Andrei Arlovski by Decision
  • GB: Chase Sherman by Round One KO

Jeremy Stephens -125 (DK $8400, FD $17) vs Drakkar Klose +105 (DK $7400, FD $15)

  • Anthony: The co-main event should be a good lightweight bout between Drakkar Klose and Jeremy Stephens. Klose will likely be the one dictating where this fight takes place. He is very strong, well rounded in all aspects of the game and far better than Stephens as of late. He had a tidy winning streak prior to his knockout loss against Beneil Dariush and I think he gets back on the horse here after a much-needed year off to recover. Stephens was once a threat at featherweight, but now moves up to 155 pounds here after failing to win in five straight bouts. He holds the UFC record for most losses which should tell you all you need to know when betting this fight. If Klose can fight smart and defensively, he can damage the legs of Stephens with relative ease and surely crack him with a few power shots. I see the accumulation of damage piling up on Stephens as this fight wears on. While Klose is not a proven finisher, this is an opportunity to raise his stock here against the fading veteran. This will likely be a back-and-forth fight but I like the more technically sound Klose to get the victory. I recommend getting some exposure to both in DFS given the winner’s high floor. Drakkar Klose by Round Three KO
  • Nick: Stephens hasn’t won a fight since 2018. He’s been facing an extremely high level of competition, but if he doesn’t pull off a win here there’s a decent chance he’s cut from the UFC roster. The biggest question around Stephens here is undoubtedly his chin. He’s been KO’d in three of his last five losses. In spite of his mediocre record, Stephens is a highly skilled fighter with a well-rounded game. He is more than willing to eat shots to throw them, and he mixes in leg kicks well to set up his power shots. Klose is coming a tough loss to one of the division’s more underrated fighters in Beneil Dariush. He’s a powerful and athletic striker that pushes an excellent pace. Klose has also faced a decent level of competition, with notable wins over Bobby Green, Lando Vannata and Mark Diakiese. He seems like a decent prospect, but Stephens is a massive step up for him here. I could see this fight going either way, but Stephens brings the greater technical prowess and experience into this matchup. There’s a good chance this ends up the Fight of the Night. Regardless, I’m siding with Stephens to get back in the Win column here. Klose would be wise to try to grapple in this spot, but I expect this to turn into a slugfest and Stephens to land an opportunistic shot. Jeremy Stephens by Round One KO
  • GB: Jeremy Stephens by Round Two KO

Robert Whittaker -265 (DK $9100, FD $21) vs Kelvin Gastelum +210 (DK $7100, FD $15)

  • Anthony: We are in for a great main event tonight between Robert Whittaker and Kelvin Gastelum at middleweight. As excited as I was about the initial Whittaker-Costa matchup, this one should be a barn burner between two fighters that were slated to do battle in early 2019. Since then, Whittaker lost the taste of UFC gold to current champion Israel Adesanya. He has bounced back in his two most recent bouts though as he technically picked apart both Darren Till and Jared Cannonier. He has remained the clear top contender in this division and a win here could get him one more crack at the belt. Whittaker really has impressive counterstriking and a very good range. He seemed to learn his lesson about trading in the pocket during that Adesanya fight and has since looked more like the technician of old. Gastelum is a very talented striker too. He has exceptional boxing and an extremely durable chin. I doubt he provides too much resistance to Whittaker based on comparing their technical striking, but he has the heart and grit to win any fight he takes. This is another tough test for Gastelum though and although I see it being more competitive than some, Whittaker should ultimately be the man getting his hand raised. Gastelum has the ability to win rounds both on the feet and on the ground here, but I seriously doubt he can take three rounds against a former champion who has gone five far more often. Gastelum also really lacks quality wins and it is tough to imagine him adding Whittaker’s name to his resume. Robert Whittaker by Decision
  • Nick: This is an excellent main event between two of the most exciting middleweights in the UFC. Both fighters are primarily strikers and each are more than happy to stand in the pocket and swing. Whittaker is also an outstanding defensive wrestler and one of the tougher guys to take down in the division. He has strong offensive grappling ability but it’s very rare that we see him lean on it at all. Gastelum will have the slight grappling advantage here, but it seems most likely that these two stand for the better part of twenty-five minutes. Gastelum’s war with current champion Israel Adesanya is considered by many as one of the best fights of the past few years. Despite his recent struggles against the best middleweights in the world he’s still a legitimate contender in this division. Gastelum has outstanding hand speed, impressive cardio and tremendously high-level boxing. Whittaker is very cerebral defensively and does an excellent job circling away from his opponents. Additionally, he does an excellent job staying on the offensive even when backing up. I also like that Whittaker has been leaning on his leg kicks a lot lately. This will be a valuable weapon for him here as a means to keep Gastelum from controlling the pace and pressure. Gastelum is a very similar match-up for Whittaker as Darren Till, a fight Whittaker beat convincingly by decision. Both Gastelum and Till are southpaws that like to strike so Whittaker should come into this fight extremely well prepared. This is one of those rare main event match-ups that you could actually consider stacking on DraftKings, but I prefer to just load up on the favorite. I expect a fun fight, but one where Whittaker looks a bit better than Gastelum regardless of where it takes place. Robert Whittaker by Decision
  • GB: Robert Whittaker by Decision

*Anthony, Nick and GB play on both FanDuel and DraftKings, and although they express their opinions, they may also implement other plays and strategies without notice